Russian Railways is the General Partner to the XXII Olympic and XI Paralympic 2014 Games in Sochi
In 2006 JSC "Russian Railways" has begun to implement its part of the Federal Target Program "Development of Sochi as a mountainous resort." Under the Program, the company had a task to build a new and modernization of existing transport infrastructure in the Sochi region, namely:
- Constructing roads and railways
- Station and Terminal Construction and Modernisation
- Launch intermodal communication between Sochi - Sochi Airport;
- Commissioning of new high-speed trains "Lastochka".
The first objects placed in service from all Government construction program in Sochi, were two freight yard "Russian Railways" - "Russian Agricultural Academy" and "Sochi". Designed and were constructed as temporary yards. On the territory of the court "Rosselkhozakademia" a warehouse area of 3360 m2 and cargo-upload path length of 4.5 km. The yard is used for unloading the inert bulk cargoes. "Sochi" freight yard was built for unloading unitized, heavy, long cargo, containers for further shipment. Power of freight yards was 14.7 million tons of cargo per year, which allowed for all Olympic venues under construction then the necessary materials. Freight yards were put into operation in December 2009. Upon completion of the construction works dismantled.
In February 2010, JSC "Russian Railways" has increased its participation in the preparations for the Olympic and Paralympic Games by signing a partnership agreement with the Organizing Committee "Sochi-2014", in which "Russian Railways" received the official status of the General Partner of the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter games of 2014 in Sochi.
The most ambitious project JSC "Russian Railways" in the Olympic Sochi - combined highway and railway Adler - "Alpica Service." Length of the main traffic artery "Sochi-2014" - 48.2 km. The road runs mostly along the left bank of the river Mzymta. Given all the features of the natural landscape, new roads were laid parallel to each other. Construction of a combined road began in June 2008 and was completed in October 2013.
The main part of the way - 12 tunnels. Work on laying the tunnel complexes were carried out with the help of special equipment. The total length of all tunnels is more than 27 km.
Tunnel complex number 1
Passes near the village Akhshtyr Adler district of Sochi in the area of 14.7 - 17.2 km. The length of the railway tunnel - a 2.5 km road - 2.3 km. In this part of the route of roads and railways running parallel to each other.
Tunnel complex number 2
Shortest cape tunnel length 149 m runs on a 22-kilometer road. Intended only for rail transport. The road skirts the Cape here and goes to the right bank of the river Mzymta on the overpass.
Tunnel complex number 3
The longest tunnel complex route. Located in an area with 23 to 28th kilometer road Adler - "Alpica Service." The length of the railway tunnel more than 4 km of road - 3.2 km. After a road tunnel road passes through the cable-stayed bridge.
Tunnel complex number 4
Passes under the mountain promontory at the 36th km of the highway. The length of the complex - 449 m.
Tunnel complex number 5
Located in the region between 39.9 and 42.7 km of Adler - "Alpika Service". Just beyond the northern portal of the tunnel at the 43rd kilometer of new road is an intermediate station "Esto-Sadok." Passengers who arrived by train or bus, can easily reach the complex jumps and other Olympic venues. The length of the road tunnel is 1,372 m, railway - 2910 m.
Tunnel complex number 6
Railway tunnel length of 433 m is located on the 45th kilometer of the highway. Double-track tunnel takes the road to the end point of the route & ndash; station "Krasnaya Polyana" the eponymous village. From the station, "Krasnaya Polyana" passengers get to the Olympic venues Mountain Cluster: Ski Centres and estra-park "Rose Farm" Complex for competitions in cross-country skiing and biathlon "Laura" and the Center Luge "Sledge".
The main feature of the track is that a significant part of it falls on the bridge structure. Total on the road built 46 bridges - 23 rail with a total length of about 10 km and 23 road bridges 9 km long.
One of the bridges on the road guyed. It is located on the 25th kilometer of combined road and railway Adler & ndash; "Alpica Service." Its length is more than 800 m. Pylon height is 86 m, the length of the cable-stayed main span - 312 m. This is the first cable-stayed bridge in southern Russia. It is located at the exit of the third, the longest combined road tunnel complex. The bridge passes over the river Mzymta, which makes the difficult bend near the village Kepsha. Valley of the river at this point is sharply narrowed, rocks come close to each other. To avoid landslides on this segment and pass the river bed with minimal damage to the landscape, the designers have proposed to build a cable-stayed bridge with two pylons and central span a greater length.
Construction of a second continuous railway track on the Sochi - Adler - Olympic Park (Veseloe)
The second main railway line is located on the Sochi - Adler - Olympic Park (Veseloe). Its length - 30 km. Construction of a second main railway track will connect the Sochi, Adler, and Olympic Park. Within the framework of this project was built 2 railway tunnel, bridges across rivers Macesta, Agoura, Hosta and Kudepsta, pedestrian crossings, culverts, seawalls and retaining walls.
To increase the capacity of the railway line Tuapse - Adler created additional sections of railway track. As a result, the capacity of this area has increased from 54 pairs of trains in 2008 to 70 pairs in 2011, and the journey time reduced by 40 - 50 minutes. Just over 103 km of road built further 30 km of the railway. Reconstruction with the construction of passing loops was completed in April 2012.
This is another project of intermodal connections in Russia. The new road passes near dense urban areas and crosses the hill. To overcome surface irregularities were built 3 overpass, 2 tunnels, as well as the bridge over the river "Big Herota." Siding Adler & ndash; Sochi Airport, built "Russian Railways", joined the center of Sochi Airport. Most of all passengers Olympics and Paralympics is used by rail. For the embarkation and disembarkation of passengers at the airport built a special complex equipped with modern information equipment. The new line was put into operation in February 2012.
New multimodal terminal station in Adler & ndash; the largest on the Black Sea transport hub. His area of ??over 23,000 square meters. m. Station consists of four buildings under one roof. Urban and marine parts are two seven-level housing, which have access to the city railway station square and "sea" sal & shy; schad communicating with the waterfront. Building connects the two-level concourse, built at an altitude of 10 meters above the track. This is the main distribution center. Pro & shy; communications capacity Station is 15,000 passages & shy; moat per hour, and for the night station is capable of receiving up to 56 pairs of trains.
In the context of the construction of the railway station three fully modernized and built two new station platform. Of the five modern platforms three have a length of about 600 m and a width of 3 to 6 m, they are designed for long-distance passenger trains. For the convenience of passengers, a special height platforms, significantly improves safety and excludes the possibility of crossing the rail tracks in the wrong places. Another two platforms of 270 and 300 m, a width of eight to 10 meters are designed for suburban trains. These platforms are still above 20 per cent and are designed specifically for receiving electric "Lastochka".
station complex combined rail, air and road transport. The act of acceptance station was signed in October 2013.
"Krasnaya Polyana" - terminus in the mountains, from which you can reach the Luge "Sledge" and other Olympic venues. This railway complex includes the building of a suburban railway station and two associated passenger platforms. The architectural idea of ??the station & ndash; Alpine chalet style, finishing in used modern materials that mimic stone and wood. The two-storey station building housed offices, waiting rooms, shopping center, cafes. Three-quarters of the volume of construction and installation work had on the construction of the retaining wall length of about 400 m, which is used to strengthen the slope of the landslide mass. The capacity of the station & ndash; 8200 passengers per hour.
The station "Esto-Sadok" is located on the 43-kilometer railway track Adler & ndash; "Alpica Service." From the cable car station leading to the complex jumps "Russian hills." The new station includes: the main lobby, waiting room, ticket hall, cafe, recreation room and other premises located under the train tracks & ndash; 6 meters below the level of the rails. Such a planning decision was made to compact the object area of ??over 10,000 square meters on a mountain terrain. Entrance / exit to the platform for trains operating on the stairs and escalators. The capacity of the station & mdash; 7500 passengers per hour.
"Olympic Park" & ndash; the main gate of the Sochi Olympics in 2014, the last station in the coastal zone. Station complex was built on the border of the Olympic Park, 1.5 kilometers away from the seafront, in the area of ??pedestrian access to the Olympic venues Coastal Cluster. Train station "Olympic Park" & ndash; the main transport hub of the Imereti lowland. Station designed for two modes of use & ndash; ordinary and special, since the introduction of the period of the Games in 2014, when the bandwidth is increased by several times - up to 8500 people per hour. The station building has been placed on the ledge of the mountain slope and the shape of a flying bird, each wing which sets the direction of the railway traffic. The whole complex occupies an area of ??seven hectares, divided the railroad tracks into two parts & ndash; "hill" and "sea". Communication between functional areas is carried out both through the station concourse and on the underground passages and galleries. Station "Olympic Park" & ndash; multilevel building complex architecture with a unique roof, numerous terraces and huge areas of glazing. For the construction of the station building took more than 40,000 cubic meters of concrete. Supporting frame roofs and canopies over platforms & ndash; is the most complicated, asymmetrical design total weight 4500 tons. Area roofing & ndash; 35,000 sq.m.
Reconstruction of stations Dagomis, Macesta, Host
In Tuapse railroad track & ndash; Adler Company "CFR" reconstructed the intermediate stations: Dagomis, Macesta, Hosta. Been equipped with modern tourniquets, updated platform and completely replaced the navigation system.
Also, according to the project "Accessibility" at the stations are provided:
- elevator cab in aboveground and underground pedestrian crossings;
- ramps, tactile signs on sidewalks, platforms, railings and elevator buttons;
- pointers train paths, signs with additional sound and light signals;
- device special ticket offices, rest rooms, toilets for people with disabilities.
Reconstruction of stations completed in August 2012.
Paralympic Games in 2014 became the first in the history of Russian sports competitions for people with disabilities. Paralympic Games & ndash; it is a demonstration of strength and courage; Paralympic athletes show that human capabilities are endless, and much depends on willpower.
People with disabilities & ndash; full members of society, who are also involved in the economic, cultural and social development of our country. Availability of transport infrastructure creates more opportunities for their involvement in all social processes.
JSC "Russian Railways", participating in the construction of facilities in Sochi, has contributed to the creation of a "barrier-free" environment in our country. Upon request, JSC "Russian Railways" were developed and used cars with special compartments for people with disabilities. Sign in such a car is equipped with a lift, by which passengers can get in both the high and low platform. Coupe is wider than the standard and equipped with special auxiliary belts and switches, sockets, call buttons conductor are low and provided with plates with embossed text to read with your fingers, as well as special sound device with the necessary information. The automated system allows communication in case of emergency call the conductor. Bathroom in a car more than conventional cars. It comes with additional handrails for ease of movement, light and sound boards.
All newly erected Stations Greater Sochi, designed with the ability of people with disabilities. Existing stations and the train-station area have also been rehabilitated in accordance with the program to create a "barrier-free" environment. JSC "Russian Railways" to the Paralympic Games in Sochi reconstructed railway station Dagomys, Sochi, Macesta, Hosta, stations in Moscow and St. Petersburg. People with mobility impairments, the device can move freely, through the construction of ramps and transitions, equipped with an elevator. Additional sound and light signals, tactile signs on signs and placards with the train schedule - help the visually impaired and hard of hearing people in the self-orientation. In addition to the stations there are special ticket offices, rest rooms, toilets for people with disabilities.
Decisions "barrier-free" environment, which are used in the preparation for the 2014 Games, will be distributed throughout Russia.
Company "Russian Railways" has made significant efforts to preserve the unique natural environment of Sochi. For this purpose, a set of environmental measures, which include: the protection of groundwater and surface water; protection of soil, air and noise protection; recycling of waste; reclamation areas; environmental monitoring; and finally measures compensating effect on the environment settings.
In order to protect the environment new technologies were used. For example, a closed loop water use on construction sites, "Russian Railways" allowed to exclude hit industrial wastewater into the environment. In order to separate dirt and sand, water advocated in special tanks. Wastewater is passed by means of decontamination units of UV radiation. The results of this technology are amazing! In 2010, on the construction of "Russian Railways" RTN control measurements were made, which showed that after cleaning the water in many respects closer to the standards of drinking water and it can live flora and fauna.
The compensatory measures taken by JSC "Russian Railways" to minimize the impact of construction on the environment, helped to keep the forests and wildlife of the Sochi National Park. During the years of construction were planted thousands of trees and plants listed in the Red Book. Among them: a box, a prickly butcher, butcher Colchis, klekachka Colchis, Lapin kryloplodnaya, yew. From 2009 to 2012 in the Mzymta River and Shah was issued more than 3 million fingerlings Black Sea salmon, carp, sturgeon. JSC "Russian Railways" and took care of the birds, while maintaining the existing places of their nesting.
To save the Colchis boxwood planted on the territory of the Sochi National Park Company "CFR" revised project of laying a combined road and railway. Together with environmental organizations such as "Greenpeace Russia" and "World Wildlife Fund", it was decided instead to build a bulk ground road overpass. This has reduced the area of ??felled trees on construction sites from 7.5 to 2 hectares. And although the cost of the project has grown to be the most preserved area of growing boxwood.
"Swallows" high-speed trains "Russian Railways", designed for suburban passenger services on Russian railways. During the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi "Swallows" provide transport services for passengers on routes Adler & ndash; Sochi airport, and Sochi & ndash; Adler & ndash; Krasnaya Polyana & ndash; Olympic Park.
In early 2012, the first fully assembled train was presented to Russian experts. In the spring of 2012, "Swallow" past climatic testing in the test center "Vienna-Arsenal" in Austria. Rolling stock was subjected to the real effects of various weather conditions. It's pouring rain and with a piercing wind, frost and heavy snowfall, and even the scorching sun and the temperature drops from & ndash; 40`C to + 40`C. Have also investigated the distribution of the thermal mass in the train. In the "Swallow" There are no lobbies, and the passenger, getting into the car, immediately gets into the interior. These tests showed that the modern electric trains can operate in all climatic conditions in different regions of Russia.
The Long Way
Delivery trains in Russia demanded non-standard solutions. Large size and wide body rail track was not allowed to use any car or rail transportation. Giant mass of 270 tons began his career in the form of individual cars, distributed in five heavy-duty trucks. New cars have a length of 26 m, a width of 3.5 meters and a height of almost 5 meters, so on the way to the port for the passage of special vehicles, after midnight is de-energized and raised tram power line. The road from the manufacturing plant to the port on the Rhine river took three nights.
A further way passed the Rhine to Amsterdam, where the cars were loaded onto a special vessel. The North and Baltic Seas ship to take the train to the port of Sassnitz on the island of Rügen. This is the only port in Europe with Russian broad-gauge railway track. In Sassnitz cars were first put on the rails and connected to a single train, and then sent to the ferry depot near St. Petersburg. The total length of the path from the plant in Kreyfelde to St. Petersburg is about 2700 km and the travel time & ndash; about four weeks.
"Swallow" for Russia
Electric aims to open in Russia in the era of high-speed commuter traffic. "Swallow" can reach speeds of up to 160 km / h. Equipment of the latest energy-efficient equipment to reduce energy consumption by 30% compared with the existing electric trains.
The train was designed with all European standards. Each includes five cars. The average capacity of a train more than 800 people.
In his first flight with passengers new train departed January 23, 2013 from the Moscow station of Saint-Petersburg.
A month from Moscow "Swallow" was first brought passengers in Nizhny Novgorod.
In the three months since the beginning of operation of electric trains "Swallow" was transported about 50 thousand. passengers.
For the end of June 2013, "Swallow" took advantage of almost 190 thousand. passengers.
On May 1, 2013 high-speed trains "Swallow" and are also involved in intermodal rail traffic along the route Sochi & ndash; Adler & ndash; Airport "Sochi". The whole journey between the city center and the airport of Sochi "Sochi" "Swallow" overcomes less than an hour. Train speeds up to 160 km / h.
This type of rail traffic in Sochi & ndash; is the first regional project that incorporates the many years of experience in the organization of intermodal transport in Moscow and modern technological solutions in the field of railway transport. This project brings many benefits to significantly relieve the motorway. The concept of trains designed to suit the peculiarities of the infrastructure of the city of Sochi, the needs of the residents and guests of the future of the Olympic Centre.
Operation of trains possible at an ambient temperature of +40 & deg; C to -40 & deg; C in marine climate without any restrictions. Along with a wide temperature range considered and different climatic zones of operation. In this connection, measures have been taken to eliminate the accumulation of ice, snow and condensation in various parts of the rolling stock.
Also in the train integrated and refined the Russian system of traffic safety.
By train provides video surveillance system inside the passenger compartment and outside the train to control the landing, boarding and accommodation of passengers.
For the carriage of sports equipment in each car has a special head holder flap to prevent falling while running.
In addition to the bins in all the cars, there are two luggage rack.
Each car is equipped with a compact air conditioning system located on the roof of the car body.
For the period XXII & nbsp; Olympic Winter Games commuter trains JSC "Russian Railways" to "Olympic" routes to Sochi income of 3 million 789 thousand. passengers.
The volume of passenger traffic during the 2014 Games in Sochi were proportional to the number of events and activities in the mountain and coastal clusters. Average daily commuter trains JSC "Russian Railways" were transported about 207 thousand. Passengers. The greatest number of passengers & ndash; 311 thousand. 625 people had to be February 18.
From 24 January to 23 February 2014 at the Black Sea coast for participants and guests of the Olympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi with the maximum schedule of commuter trains. Transportation of passengers carried 38 commuter trains "Swallow" and 10 electric trains deluxe series ED4M. According to the timetable, local trains was carried out on 413 daily flights. In addition, monitoring of passengers were also held on the Olympic trails in Sochi, as necessary, appoint additional electric.
From 7 to 16 March 2014 (the period of the XI Paralympic Winter Games) commuter trains JSC "Russian Railways" in the Sochi region transported almost 860 thousand. passengers.
An average of about 86 thousand. passengers per day.
The peak passenger traffic fell by 7, and March 16, 2014 & ndash; opening and closing days XI Paralympic Winter Games. Thus, the greatest number of passengers for the entire period of games & ndash; More than 134 thousand. people & ndash; commuter trains transported on March 16. This figure is & nbsp; exceeds even the number of passengers on March 7 (the opening day of the Paralympic Winter Games) where transportation totaled 110 thousand. 800 passengers.