Transsib during the war
The most important activity was the organization of railway transport operational marching completions. Their stealth and exceptional urgency dictated by conditions at the front.
The first troop train with troops from the Far Eastern Front went to the West June 29, 1941 from June 22 to December 5, 1941 to the west from the Trans-Baikal and Far Eastern fronts were quickly deployed 12 rifle, five armored and one motorized division. Their average staffing reached almost 92% of staff size: about 123 thousand. Officers and soldiers, nearly 2,200 guns and mortars, more than 2,200 light tanks, 12 thousand. Cars and 1.5 thousand. Tractors and trucks.
The Japanese General Staff was aware of the limited capacity of the Trans-Siberian Railway. In Manchuria, in close proximity to the Soviet border concentrated millionth of the Kwantung Army. The Kremlin was forced to keep the Far East a large group of troops, so necessary to the Western Front. When reports of Soviet intelligence, it became clear that Japan would attack the Soviet Union after the fall of Moscow, it was decided to urgently redeploy troops from the Far Eastern Front for the Salvation of the capital.
October 10, 1941 the first secretary of the Khabarovsk regional committee of the CPSU (b) GA Borkov sent IV Stalin a letter inviting them to use for the defense of Moscow no less than 10 divisions from the Far East. On October 12 the Kremlin met IV Stalin commander General DVF IR Apanasenko, commander in chief of the Pacific Fleet (PF) Admiral IS Yumashev and first secretary of the Primorsky Regional Committee of the CPSU (B) NM Pegova. It was about the movement of troops and artillery from the region in Moscow. Their movement began under the personal supervision Apanasenko. Ten Far Eastern divisions along with thousands of tanks and aircraft were deployed on the Trans-Siberian from Moscow.
Given limited capacity, technical capabilities and instructions of the People's Commissariat of Railways (People's Commissariat) transfer of troops could take months. Given the fact that the East was the evacuation of industrial equipment and the civilian population from the West. But the railroad violated all possible technical limitations. Far East divisions were transferred to the West for three weeks. Trains were full blackout without the light signals at a rate courier - 800 km per day.
Operational activities of the railways during the war and recognize our opponents. The well-known German tank commander Heinz Guderian recalled that the Russian had the opportunity to redeploy its troops stationed in the Far East. "These troops with a hitherto unknown speed (echelon after echelon) aimed at our front."
Military and civilian railroad region provide effective assistance, go to the front 46th Special Reserve rail convoy led by the People's Commissariat PS Stelmachenko. It was formed at the station. Khabarovsk-II and consisted of 35 locomotives, 45 teplushek and more than 40 teams to 30 people. Column promptly provided to move troops and sanitary trains over long distances - from Zaporozhye to Konigsberg. On the front road team has lost 22 people dead (including Stakhanovite B. Vozheyko), 118 people were injured. Column finished its work on the roads of Manchuria.