Three of the nine Pan-European Transport Corridors pass through Russia. Consisting mainly of well-equipped double-track electrified railway lines, Corridors 1, 2 and 9 in Russia have a combined length of about 2000 km. The Company is committed to upgrading and expanding these Corridors in Russia and Europe.
Pan-European International Transport Corridor No.1
Tallinn - Riga - Sovetsk - Kaliningrad - Mamonovo - Gdansk
The Russian section of ITC No. 1 is a one-track railway line with diesel traction along its whole length, which runs from Sovetsk -to Kaliningrad - and Mamonovo and then to the border, providing access to Kaliningrad Sea Commercial Port, the Poland–Russia border and the railway networks of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.
Pan-European International Transport Corridor No.2
Berlin - Warsaw - Minsk - Moscow - Nizhny Novgorod
Serious development of ITC No. 2 began in January 1995, when Russia, Belarus, Poland and Germany, together with the EU Economic Commission, signed a Memorandum of Understanding to coordinate the activities of all the countries along the Corridor as part of the comprehensivet expansion of Europe’s transport infrastructure.
Increased freight volumes between Russia and Germany are hampered by remaining customs and border formalities, as well as by the different transport laws and railway systems of the four countries along the Corridor, with Europe using a narrow gauge track of 1435mm, for example, while Russia has a broader gauge of 1520mm. The Company attaches great importance to increasing the competitiveness of ITC No.2 and therefore sets competitive rates for container and transit trains, but tariff rates on Polish and German railways remain high, which places restraints oncontainer container traffic.
Two branded trains operate within the Corridor:
- the East Wind container train has been running between Berlin and Moscow since 1995;
- the high-speed Russia Express freight train has been operating between Russia and Germany since 1998.
Russian Railways has extended ITC No. 2 to Nizhny Novgorod and Yekaterinburg to form a connection with the Trans-Siberian Railway and establish an overland bridge linking Europe to the Asia-Pacific, thus providing a much more competitive freight route across Eurasia compared to container ships by sea via the Suez Canal and Indian Ocean.
Pan-European International Transport Corridor № 9
Helsinki - Buslovskaya - St. Petersburg - Moscow - Suzemka
The Russian section of ITC No. 9 runs between Buslovskaya Buslovskaya - St. Petersburg - Moscow - and Suzemka. The St. Petersburg-Moscow section pecializes in passenger traffic, with high-speed passenger trains introduced in 2001 and high-speed container traffic with imported cargo from St. Petersburg port to Moscow introduced in 2002.
Russian Railways reconstructed 650 km of track between Moscow and St. Petersburg , increasing train speeds to 200 km/h. In addition, the Company has come to an agreement with Finland to increase speeds on the St. Petersburg-Buslovskaya-Helsinki route. Major construction is underway along ITC No. 9 to provide access to Finnish railways and the Port of St. Petersburg. Additionally, a new Helsinki-Moscow high-speed container train service is under discussion. In the future, this trunk line will be used for passenger traffic with high-speed container train technology.
ITC No. 9 also includes the Nesterov - Chernyakhovsk - Kaliningrad section, which is operated Kaliningrad Railways, and forms part of the branch line between Kiev-Minsk-Nesterov-Chernyakhovsk-Kaliningrad- and Klaipeda.