Russian railways


Since 2013, Russian Railways has been implementing a range of top-priority measures to develop the railway infrastructure in Eastern Russia. Its goal is to eliminate bottlenecks on the railways of Transbaikalia and the Far East in order to provide additional cargo transportation capacity for Russian companies.

Between 2013 and 2020, Russian Railways carried out work valued at 436.2 billion roubles.

The Company increased the carrying capacity of the Baikal-Amur and Trans-Siberian Railways to 144 million tons in 2020 by the systemic development of the railways in Eastern Russia.

As a result, Russian Railways achieved in full the key parameters set forth in the Comprehensive Plan for the Modernisation and Expansion of the Main Line Infrastructure and last year was able to increase the transportation of goods to the Far Eastern ports by 8.6% to 110.4 million tons. Transportation of coal to Eastern Russia increased by almost 5% to 100.9 million tons and for the first time exceeded the volume of traffic in the western and southern directions, whose combined total was 98.8 million tons. At the same time, the Company fully fulfilled its obligations to export coal products from the coal-rich Kuznets Basin.

During the implementation of the Baikal-Amur and Trans-Siberian Main Line modernisation project, most of the necessary work was completed to ensure the movement of trains at more than 100 infrastructure facilities, including as part of the reconstruction of Volochaevka, Novaya Chara, Ikura stations.

In 2020, more than 100 kilometres of additional main tracks came into operation, including the second tracks on the Kunerma – Delbichinda, Bireya – Kirenga, Taku – Balbukhta, Balbukhta – Syulban and Lena Vostochnaya – Predlensky sections, as well as along the Baikal tunnel. Double-track inserts were also opened to traffic on the Novaya Chara – Kemen, Kholodny – Kichera, Tyya – Severobaikalsk, Syulban – Naledny and Kirenga – Okunaisky sections. More than 20 km of station tracks were laid at 7 stations (Tynda, Selgon, Novaya Chara, Khilok, Volochaevka-2, Litovko, Dzharmen) and two sidings. 15 railway bridges were reconstructed.

Locomotive facilities were commissioned, including a locomotive maintenance point at Zabaikalsk station and a rest house for locomotive crews at Lena Vostochnaya station. Four traction substations were commissioned, in Khabarovsk and at Smolyaninovo (Primorsky Territory), Niya (Irkutsk Region) and Uryum (Zabaikalsky Territory) stations. More than 140 kilometres of lines have been electrified.

In addition to the benefits of infrastructure development, technological solutions also contributed to the increase in carrying capacity, in particular the increase in traffic routing, greater train weights and the increased use of connected trains using modern powerful locomotives.