Russian railways

Joining the ranks of the railroad defenders of the Motherland

Due to the mobilization of railwaymen number of employees on the Far Eastern Railway in the period from January 1, 1941 to January 1, 1943 decreased by 12.5%, on the Amur railway - by 14.5%.

C leaving for the front men took their place women: in Bikin depot worked NP Sabinina-Vechurko, depot First River (Vladivostok) - F. Ostrovsky, the depot Khabarovsk-II - VI Rastolnaya et al. October 1, 1941 AmZhD worked 3884 women (12.3%), of which the main part - at the lower positions (579 pers. - Track workers 40 people. - Members locomotive crews). On the Far Eastern in 1941, took 1,924 women in 1942 - 3618. In the early spring of 1945, Amur Mainline were already more than 13 thousand. Women, accounting for 59% of working.

In addition to women and teenagers worked, some of them - graduates of schools. In 1942 and in January 1943 at the Seaside points Wagon Railway (Ruzhino, Voroshilov-Usuriysky, First River, Suchan) when necessary routine 684 people. 567 were employed, 70% of them - young workers from schools factory training (FZO).

Holding mass Voskresnik

All-Union voluntary Sunday on railway transport, August 1941In the first months of the war the railroad took the widest possible participation in the patriotic movement for the creation of a fund of Defense and holding mass Voskresnik. For example, in voluntary Sunday in the Omsk region of 43 thousand. Railwaymen was earned and transferred to the defense fund 373 thousand. Rubles. Tomsk on the road (now the West Siberian Railway) went to work 23 thousand. Railwaymen and their families. Participants of the All-Union Voskresnik repaired 375 km of railway lines, collected 10,260 tons of ferrous and non-ferrous metals 4210 kg. The total contribution to the defense fund railroad Tomsk road was more than 250 thousand. Rubles.

In January 1943, earned on Voskresnik 134 thousand. Rubles for the construction of the squadron sent warplanes "Far railroad". The team of Art. Khabarovsk-II gathered and made for the construction of a column of tanks "Khabarovsk parovoznik" 250 thousand. Rubles, for which he received a telegram of thanks to the Supreme Commander. In addition, workers Khabarovsk and Primorye territories sent to the front more than 400 cars gifts fighters the army.

Personal contribution

Trans-Siberian Railway from railroad came to the defense fund and a lot of personal funds.

Only during the first two months of the war Transbaikal railroad road made to strengthen the country's defense might 1,179,312 rubles, and at the time of termination of fundraising from them came to the defense fund of more than 10 million rubles.

Workers East Siberian Railway collected adopted 6,409 thousand. Rubles. These funds were to build a powerful tank column "Irkutsk railroad".

Krasnoyarsk railroad listed for the construction of a tank column 3,214,779 rubles, and more than 1 million rubles public bonds. Both columns entered service the 1st Guards Tank Army, commanded by General ME Katukov. Stakhanovtsy conductor's reserve Krasnoyarsk road expelled defense fund award for trouble-free operation in the amount of 43,851 rubles. November - December 1941, the defense fund at the Krasnoyarsk road received 6 million.

Trans-Siberian railway workers, like all workers of the rear, began in September 1941 to collect warm clothing and holiday gifts for soldiers, built their own train-bath for soldiers, organized at the enterprises of railway transport in support of the front manufacture mortars, shells, mines, bombs .

On its own initiative railroad revised previous commitments and take new, higher.

Omsk depot exceeded the plan of the third quarter 1941 to repair shop podemochnogo to 135.7%, the shop warm wash - at 139.5%, the shop operating locomotives - 143%. As a result of the plan all shops Omsk Depot has achieved savings of 555,280 rubles, including fuel - 160 240 rubles. Another 140 workers began working in Stakhanov. In collective depot at that time there was no one working, do not perform performance standards.

From November to December 1941 daily mileage cars on the Trans-Baikal railway increased from 320 to 360.4 km, and their simple declined by 3.1%. In June - November 1941 264 locomotive crews worked on road-Luninsky. Not attracted to the work of repairmen, they prepared for winter whole locomotive fleet.


Since the beginning of the war took broad movement "dvuhsotnikov", ie workers performing two rules the day. The motto of the movement: "Work, not only for themselves but also for their comrades who have the front" - actively supported the Trans-Siberian railroad. Welder station Achinsk I B. Kuzhelev has committed to replace the six people who had gone to the front, and brought productivity to 600-650%.

Only at Omsk railway on December 1, 1941 there were more than five thousand. "Dvuhsotnikov" and "trehsotnikov." Pre-October competition, which coincided with the great battle of Moscow, stimulated the growth of road users. In early 1942, the railways employed 15.6 thousand Siberia. "Dvuhsotnikov."

Senior driver Viazemsky Far Eastern Railway depot a decorated KP Ilyin and his partner AK Grechishenko organizing exemplary care of their locomotive, in 1942 made it run between podemochnymi repairs 97 thousand. Km instead of 45 thousand. Km in the norm. The brigade has saved 26,761 rubles of state funds.

Far railroad over fulfill tasks involved in high-speed forms of work, saving time for high productivity. Locksmith point inspection Art. Khabarovsk-2 Belov June 23, 1941 are replaceable job 900%. Worker Obluchinskogo locomotive depot container - 630%, welder Smorodinov issued more than five standards.

On the initiative of the Novosibirsk driver Nikolai Lunin Far East on their own conduct current repairs to locomotives, fuel economy, lubrication and repair materials, lengthened turnaround engine, drove heavy trains.

At the beginning of the war in Khabarovsk locomotive depot came septuagenarian old man, retired, disabled Privalov. Being a mechanic fifth grade, he organized the depot production of spare parts for locomotives and in the first months of the war helped to set up production of about 300 names of about 200 thousand. Rubles.

bridge repairIn 1942, on the initiative of duty Art. Smolyaninovo Savinkova and Zhuravlev Suchan department moved to a three-shift work schedule. On the course were skomplektovat three shifts (integrated teams), which included service workers movement, locomotive, cars, track and communication. Were saved money and time.

In locomotive depot Ruzhino were created 33 front-line team that covered 535 people. Front brigades were created and in the Khabarovsk Institute of Railway Engineers. The initiator of this party group made mechanical department (partgruporgom was a student Ivan Lisin).

Shock was labor seaside railroad. December 16, 1944 the Soviet Information Bureau reported that the machinists Art. Voroshilov Ussuri depot in October had 67 heavy trains, and ten days of December - 48. It was saved a significant amount of coal.

In May 1942, the State Defense Committee decided to discontinue the appeal of railway in the Red Army and seconded from the army to transport the most experienced professionals. So great was the need to train personnel directly in production.