Russian railways

Streamlining of functioningFrom the first days of the war on locomotives has become widely used local (brown) coal. In the use of local coal Krasnoyarsk Railway stood out especially. In the first year of the war, all shunting locomotives Ilan depot began working on brown coal in a mixture of sawdust and dross. Many machinists, thus making significant savings. For example, the driver P. Sibirko monthly savings of about 30 tons of coal. Across the road is saving more than 7,000 tons per year of coal of the best brands.

Senior engineer depot Krasnoyarsk SG Zabelin with a partner made a number of improvements on the attached him Su213-79 steam. They put in the furnace refractory bricks for polustenkam and sublattice to the height of the second row of links. Thereby avoid overheating the walls of their burn-out, deep, open and streaming links. During the eight years of operation of the locomotive wall thickness has not diminished even a millimeter, no damage to the furnace wall is not received. Machinist Zabelin paid much attention to the content of the boiler is in excellent condition, well-used antiscale, on time and regularly carried out a purge of the boiler, removing sludge and scum, thereby eliminating blockages. With all these measures improved evaporation, saving coal, increased mezhpromyvochny mileage up to 10 000 km instead of 4000.

To save lubricants, locomotive engineer Service Krasnoyarsk Railway Didenko suggested to use oil emulsions. Oil emulsions has been widely used for lubricating locomotive and tender Books. During the war it was saved 1,295 tons of fuel oil.

In wartime, work continued on the reconstruction and strengthening of individual sectors of the transport industry.

At the Seaside Railway in 1942 were put into operation two power plants, 10 transformer substations, 2 water pumps, heating boiler. In the same 14 months of the war was made 700 rationalization proposals, of which over 300 have introduced, which gave 860 thousand. Rubles savings.

On the Far Eastern Railway economic effect of rationalization proposals in 1942 amounted to more than 1 million rubles, ie, almost twice as many as in 1941. The championship was held in this case workers locomotive economy, which gave by streamlining and innovation for more than 50% annual savings of the road. N. Kolenchenko who worked during the war in the Khabarovsk locomotive depot, and then was a senior engineer in planning, noted that even then they first began to pass on cost accounting. Developed special conditions, and the best teams involved for the fuel economy of materials. 40% of the savings received collective team. Take the lead crews drivers MS Bartyuka, TK Redkina, DD Radochkina. Soon, dozens of shops and locomotive crews were transferred to cost accounting. People have learned to protect the material, tools, spare parts.

Due to the deteriorating situation in the Far Eastern borders of the road workers outside school hours built in factories, residential settlements and shelter field type ponds, prepared means blackout and fire, anti-tank ditches were constructed and other defenses.

During the war the railway in Siberia and the Far East performed a great job saving material resources and ensure the smooth operation of railways on their own. So, Taiga, RUBTSOVSK, Insko and Novosibirsk Tomsk depot road (now the West Siberian Railway) abandoned the centralized supply of spare parts and steel manufacturing parts for the repair of its materials, saving hundreds of thousands of rubles a month.

Putejtsy road through the restoration of the old rails and fastenings have saved more than 15 thousand. Tons of metal. At the initiative of drivers Insko depot Sholkin P. and P. Gulyuk locomotive crews on their own internal resources oteplili 329 locomotives, manufactured tools and parts for the winter, resulting in savings of 165 thousand. Rubles. Best locomotive crews Trans-Baikal Railway four months of the war to save on washing repairs, fuel and lubrication in excess of 1 million rubles.