June 24, 1941 the People's Commissariat of Railways ordered the railways to form 288 military hospital trains.
The military hospital train during the war transported millions of sick and wounded. They were kind of hospitals on wheels, where for days on end, not knowing rest, doctors and nurses working in operating theaters and dressing tables. Hospital trains medical service required of each of the front, each army. These were the blood vessels that connect the medical front and rear.
The Military hospital train №87, Saratov
On the Ryazan-Ural Railway (now - Volga) in the Saratov region was formed 3 military hospital train. During the war, railway stations Saratov region received more than 100 military hospital trains with wounded soldiers. Thanks to the efforts of physicians in evacuation hospitals improved their health more than 300,000 wounded.
July 17, 1941 the first flight went from Saratov military hospital train №87, chief of which was the major medical officer Paul Kondratievich tobacco (the father of the People's Artist of the USSR Oleg Pavlovich Tabakov). Flashed station: Balashov, Pavorino, Dashing, Rostov, Zaporozhye ... Day after day, month after month, employee of military hospital train - doctors, nurses, orderlies, conductors. Among them: a doctor, a senior lieutenant Victor Ushatsky, Head of Pharmacy Dean Ostrovsky, nurses Antonina Kashirina usin Tatiana and Alexander Klokov, Valentine Kashchenko. They took out the wounded from the front zone, treated, transported to the rear.
During the Great Patriotic War military hospital train №87 made 35 flights took place more than 220 thousand kilometers. Information can be found in the remaining "travel diary military hospital train №87", which led Clerk Lydia Prikhodko. Victory personnel military hospital train №87 met at the station Valuiki Voronezh region. But the work did not end there. In July 1945, the train went to Warsaw and Frankfurt, in August and September of the same year was carrying repatriated, and in October and November - demobilized, vacationers and civilians.
July 17, 2002 on the territory of Saratov State Museum of military glory appeared unusual exhibit - a military ambulance wagon 40s. This car is a pharmacy-dressing consisting of sanitary inspection room, dressing room, office for Heavy and slightly wounded, pharmacy and medical office. Here reproduced the atmosphere of the war years: an authentic medical instruments of the time, everyday objects and documents from the archives of the military hospital train №87, which have long been kept Lydia Stepanovna Prikhodko (Tabakov).
The Military hospital train №312, Vologda
In the first months of the war Vologda parovozovagonoremontny factory prepared to operate more than 10 military hospital trains. These trains have special places for the wounded, the car-operating, the car-pharmacy, laundry wagon.
The first military hospital train №312 came out in the first flight June 26, 1941. The brigade had 40 trains health workers and railroad workers. The train made dozens of flights on all fronts, having 200 thousand kilometers, ie a distance of five round the world itineraries. During this time, the train carried more than 25,000 wounded.
Team train №312 made dozens of innovations on the organization of transportation of the wounded, turning the train into a model facility. When the military hospital train №312 arrived at the station, he tried to put on the first road - so it was nice and well-kept. Train staff - Head S. Danichev, party organizer I. Porokhin, senior surgical nurse L. Razumov, a military paramedic F. Kiselev and all the staff - tried to wounded feel at home in a train wagon was equipped with sauna, roof boxes were with herbs grown under wagons transporting chickens, pigs, to bring to the table wounded soldiers fresh meat and eggs. The train reigned in perfect order and cleanliness.
Subsequently, the legendary hospital train №312 writer Vera Panova wrote the book "Satellites", and on the screens out the film "Mercy Train" and "On the rest of his life."