Green logistics technologies developed by Russian Railways will help solve climate change problems
The Scientific and Technical Council of Russian Railways, chaired by Oleg Belozerov, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Management Board, has considered the prospects of reducing carbon dioxide emissions (decarbonisation) and the possibility of reducing them to zero, in other words net zero carbon dioxide emissions.
"We are fully aware of the global significance of climate change. Therefore, in an effort to achieve carbon neutrality, we are switching our entire production process to green logistics using technologies for reducing electricity consumption, digitalising traditional processes, and introducing new fuel systems. The environmental component is even becoming one of the factors underpinning the Company’s financial stability. The RZD Holding is the largest issuer of green bonds and the only company representing Russia in the responsible investment market," said Oleg Belozerov.
The Scientific and Technical Council considered the implementation of technical solutions with regard to ensuring the environmental security of transportation, as well as the creation of a digital platform for environmental monitoring and verifying the effectiveness of measures to reduce CO2 emissions.
The main areas targeted for decarbonisation are greater use of electric traction, the introduction of locomotives using alternative fuels and rolling stock that minimises evaporation during the transportation of dangerous goods and dust formation during the transport of bulk goods.
In addition, significant reserves for improving environmental friendliness and reducing environmental damage can be extracted from digitalising the transportation process. Russian Railways has already implemented a hardware and software solution for developing energy-saving train timetables which take into account the workload on the infrastructure. The Company is also increasingly adopting the widespread use of energy-optimal locomotive control modes, such as returning electricity to the network when the engine is braking.
During the Council meeting, one of the promising solutions to saving fuel and energy resources was announced – the reduction of freight shunting work on diesel traction due to the growth of container traffic and the development of so-called shuttle-accelerated technologies, which involves the movement of freight trains according to a timetable without changing their composition.
These and other measures are already making it possible to achieve a reduction in the energy intensity of railways, with the energy intensity of railway transport reduced by 8.2% in 2020.
In 2021, Russian Railways plans to make energy savings in the amount of 3.2 billion roubles.