1. Partnership with Siemens AG
The Sapsan high-speed electric train
The main outcome of the Programme to Develop High-speed Services on the Russian Rail Network is the entry into commercial service of high-speed electric trains manufactured by the German company Siemens AG Velaro RUSl. The trains are called Sapsan in Russian, after the peregrine falcon, the fastest bird in the world and indeed the fastest member of the animal kingdom. The Sapsan’s operational speed is 250 kph, but it is designed to travel at up to 300 kph.
Eight Sapsan trains are currently in service between Saint Petersburg - Moscow - Nizhny Novgorod. Since beginning operations, the trains have carried about 7.6 million passengers and achieved 100% occupancy.
Increasing passenger demand for these fast services led to a decision to increase the Sapsan fleet, and on 19 December 2011, Russian Railways signed an additional contract with the German company Siemens for a further eight trains, as well as a 30-year maintenance agreement. Delivery is scheduled for October 2014 - May 2015.
The Lastochka high-speed electric train
Work is continuing on the purchase and Russian production localisation of the high-speed electric train Lastochka in the Desiro Rus series.
Russia took delivery of the first Lastochka on 4 March 2012. A total of 54 Lastochka trains will be delivered, with 16 to be assembled in Russia at the Ural Locomotives plant, a joint venture between Siemens and the Sinara Group.
The primary objective of the Lastochka (Desiro RUS) electric train is to provide passenger services during the Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games in Sochi in 2014.
2ES10 Granite electric train (Ural Locomotives Ltd. is a joint venture involving Siemens AG)
In 2008, in cooperation with Siemens, work began on the development of a new generation of locomotives, the 2ES10 Granite electric freight train, which uses direct current with asynchronous traction motors.
To manufacture the 2ES10, joint production was set up at Ural Locomotives Ltd. at the Ural Railway Engineering Plant in Upper Pyshma in Russia’s Sverdlovsk region. In accordance with the agreements between the Sinara Group and Siemens, production will be almost fully localised at enterprises in Russia.
On 27 May 2010, a contract was signed for the production and supply of 221 two-unit 2ES10 series electric trains between 2010 and 2016. At present, 32 Granite locomotives are in service.
Infrastructure projects involving Siemens AG
In addition to the ongoing development of scientific and technological cooperation with Siemens AG, cooperation is also taking place in the following areas:
- adaptation of comprehensive protective measures against atmospheric and switching surges on rail transport infrastructure;
- automation of gravity marshalling humps.
2. Rail-ferry line Ust-Luga - Sassnitz/Mukran
In order to put in place quickly the ferry service between Ust-Luga - Sassnitz and organise its effective operation, a joint Russian-German Supervisory Board was set up to curate the development of the Sassnitz - Ust-Luga rail-ferry link.
In order to attract new cargo owners to the route, a regular ferry link was launched between Sassnitz - Ust-Luga. The opening ceremony took place on 8 June 2012 in the presence of the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel.
3. Container Transportation between Russia and Germany
Since October 2007, TransContainer has been shipping car components from Germany, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the Volkswagen assembly plant in the Russian city of Kaluga.
TransContainer has been transporting household appliances for the German company Bosch since May 2011.
In 2011, TransContainer began working jointly with Trans Eurasia Logistics GmbH on developing transit container shipments between China - Europe for the American company Hewlett Packard.
In June 2012, a joint venture YuXinOu Logistics Co., Ltd. involving Chinese, Russian, Kazakh and German companies was registered in Chongqing in China.
YuXinOu Logistics operates regular railway container services between China and Europe and provides a full range of door-to-door logistics services.
One of the most significant projects at the moment in terms of the total transit traffic between Germany and Russia is the transportation of BMW car parts in container trains shipped to China. TransContainer developed this project in collaboration with the company Far East Land Bridge (FELB).