The Tabriz-Azarshahr Project
On 29 March 2008, the heads of the railways in Russia and Iran signed a contract to implement an electrification project on the Tabriz-Azarshahr railway line.
Within the framework of this project, a railway line with a length of about 46 km and 5 railway stations have been electrified. Electrification has resulted in a significant decrease in fuel consumption and in an improvement in the efficiency and comfort of passenger transportation.
The heads of the railways of Russia and Iran held a ceremony in Tabriz on 13 October 2012 to mark the completion of the Tabriz-Azarshahr project.
Garsar - Ince Barun Project
Russian Railways and the Railways of the Islamic Republic of Iran signed a Memorandum on Strategic Cooperation on the Electrification of Railways on 28 March 2017.
The signing took place in the presence of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimdir Putin and the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran Hassan Rouhani.
A contract was also signed on 28 March 2017 between the management of RZD International LLC and the Railways of the Islamic Republic of Iran for the electrification of the Garmsar-Ince Barun railway section and the supply of Russian equipment and materials.
The cost of the project is estimated at 1.2 billion euros.
The project includes the electrification of the 495-km Garmsar-Ince Burun railway line, as well as the electrification of approaches to the ports of Amir-Abad and Torkemann and the large city of Gorgan.
Under the project, 32 stations and 95 tunnels will be electrified and 7 traction substations, 11 switching stations, 6 duty points of the contact network and a power supply building will be constructed.
Implementing this project will significantly increase the capacity of the line and the maximum train speeds on certain sections.
Resht - Astara (Iran) – Astara (Azerbaijan) project
The goal of implementing the project to construct the railway line between Resht-Astara (Iran) - Astara (Azerbaijan) is to connect the land sections of the western branch of the North-South International Transport Corridor (ITC).
The construction of the of Resht-Astara (Iran) – Astara (Azerbaijan) railway line, which is a missing link in a direct rail service along the western branch of the North-South ITC, will reduce the number of bottlenecks on the corridor and potentially reduce transportation costs.
According to preliminary estimates, the length of the Resht-Astara (Iran) – Astara (Azerbaijan) railway line is 171.9 km, including 163.6 km on the territory of Iran and 8.3 km on the territory of Azerbaijan.
The potential cargo base is estimated at 10-15 million tons per year.
The main advantages of the North-South International Transport Corridor compared to other routes, and above all the traditional sea route through the Suez Canal, are the reduction in transport time of up to 10 days and the economic efficiency of the trans-Caspian multimodal route, which at the moment is being reduced by the need for the repeated transshipment of goods.
Russian Railways is now working out the conditions for the implementation of this project in cooperation with Iranian Railways and Azerbaijan Railways.
On 14 July 2016, a delegation of Transnet arrived in Yekaterinburg in Russia, led by Managing Director S. Gama.
A Memorandum of Understanding between Russian Railways and Transnet was signed which covered the following areas of cooperation:
- the modernisation of signalling, centralisation and blocking devices on the railways of South Africa;
- the training of personnel and exchange of experts, including in the framework of the joint implementation of youth educational programs;
- the development of the railway transport infrastructure of South Africa in order to increase train speeds up to 160 kph and reduce rail breakages;
- the joint implementation of infrastructure railway projects in third countries.
In the development of this memorandum, a delegation of Transnet experts visited Russia from 21 to 26 November 2016 to achieve a more detailed acquaintance with the structure and activities of the RZD Holding in terms of infrastructure maintenance technology, management marshalling yards and human resource development in railway transport.
In order to identify a set of concrete projects for joint implementation, a videoconference round table was held with the participation of experts from the two companies on 13 April 2017.