Formation of a new Eurasian transport corridor
As part of the strategy to strengthen the position of Russia's railways on international transport markets, Russian Railways has been working on a project to create a new Eurasian transport corridor since 2007.
This project involves extending the 1520mm broad gauge railway from Košice in the Slovak Republic to Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia, with access to Vienna (the length of the new line is about 500 km) and creating an international logistics centre in Vienna-Bratislava.
The project is being developed by Russian Railways in cooperation with the railway administrations and transport authorities of Austria, Slovakia and Ukraine as part of the Breitspur Planungsgesellschaft joint venture.
During 2013-2014, an open tender was announced to prepare a feasibility study for the project.
The tender was awarded to the BVO consortium consisting of the companies Bernard from Austria, Walbeck from Slovakia and Obermeier from Germany.
A contract was concluded with these companies to carry out the work.
In March 2017, the consortium prepared a feasibility study for the project, which, after passing an expert assessment, is planned to be submitted to governmental bodies of Slovakia and Austria for further decisions on the project.
The project's aim is to connect the railway system of Central Europe with the regions of the Trans-Siberian Railway, attract freight traffic to the Asia-Russia-Central Europe route and increase the competitiveness of rail transport.
The project's implementation will make it possible to avoid overloading at the stations connecting Europe's narrow gauge railway lines to the wide gauge used in the Former Soviet Union, Finland and Mongolia, and also to shorten the delivery time of goods from Europe to East Asia in comparison with the sea route.
Many European countries are attracted to the new railway line and terminal: Slovakia, Austria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Slovenia, Serbia and Croatia.
The distribution of natural resources and markets for finished products on a global scale shows that the geographical location of the 1520 broad gauge space provides a significant resource for the development of freight transport, in particular containers, between countries of Western Europe and East Asia.