Cooperation on logistics
An Agreement on Comprehensive Strategic Cooperation between Russian Railways and Chinese Railways was signed in Beijing on 25 June 2016.
The signing took place within the framework of an official visit of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin to China.
In implementing this Agreement, the parties will conduct systematic work in a number of areas in order to:
- develop border railway crossings between the two countries in order to increase the rail throughput and carrying capacity and increase the volume of international passenger and freight rail transport;
- develop container transportation on international rail routes and increase the intensity of container trains in order to attract additional freight volumes;
- organise new types of freight transportation using electronic commerce channels between China-Russia and China-Europe, including as part of international passenger trains on the Beijing-Moscow route and as part of regular container train shipmentss between China-Russia and China-Europe;
- develop rail transport corridors between China and Europe which pass through the territory of Russia and other countries in order to form stable demand and increase the attractiveness of container transport between China and Europe;
- cooperate on scientific and technical cooperation and innovation.
Currently, rail freight between Russia and China passes through the border crossings of Zabaikalsk - Manchuria, Grodekovo - Suifenhe, Makhalino - Hunchun, Naushki - Sukhbaatar (transit via Mongolia) and Dostyk - Alashankou (transit via Kazakhstan), as well as via port stations.
In accordance with the Strategy for the Development of Railway Transport in the Russian Federation until 2030, the further development of the railway infrastructure on the approaches to the Zabaikalsk-Manchuria border crossing is planned.
It is also planned to increase the throughput capacity of the Grodekovo - Suifenhe border crossing during the period from 2016 to 2030 by laying second tracks on the limiting sections of the Ussuriisk-Grodekovo stretch.
In addition, within the framework of the programme on the "Modernisation of the Railway Infrastructure of the Baikal-Amur and Trans-Siberian Railways with the Development of Throughput and Carrying Capacity (Eastern Russia)," the development of the railway infrastructure of the Makhalino-Kamyshovaya-Gosgranitsa stretch is planned. Work is currently under way to expand the range of freight for transportation via this border crossing.
In accordance with the cooperation programme between the regions of Eastern Siberia and Russia's Far East region and the northeast of the People's Republic of China, an investment project for the creation of the Nizhneleninsk-Tongjiang border crossing is being implemented and is scheduled to be completed in 2018. Russian Railways is reconstructing the Birobidzhan-Leninsk railway line on the approaches to this border crossing.
In 2016, a cooperation agreement was signed between Russian Railways and the Yingkou Port group of companies which provides the joint implementation of a project to create an international terminal and logistics centre (TLC) based on the Bely Rast TLC.
In addition, a Memorandum of Intent was signed between Russian Railways, the Chinese company Sinotrans, the government of Russia's Kaluga region and the JSC Russian Export Center to promote the development of cross-border trade between Russia and China.
High-Speed Rail Projects
A Memorandum on High-Speed Railways was signed on 13 October 2014.
The goal of the signed document is to implement a project for a Moscow-Beijing Eurasian high-speed transport corridor. The total length of the corridor between the country's two capitals is more than 7,000 km.
The construction of a high-speed railway along the Moscow-Kazan route is conceived as a pilot project on the high-speed corridor.
Coordination on the project is being carried out within the framework of the Russian-Chinese working group on cooperation in the field of high-speed railways and the working group of the companies involved. A total of 7 working group meetings have been held.
Eurasian freight transport
Projects to organise container trains between China-Europe are of vital importance.
Russian Railways' subsidiaries, such as JSC United Transport and Logistics Company, Public JSC TransContainer, JSC RZD Logistics and others, have developed new routes for the delivery of containerised cargo from the Asia-Pacific region to Europe and vice versa (Chongqing-Duisburg, Zhengzhou-Hamburg, Chengdu-Lodz, Wuhan-Hamburg, Yiwu-Madrid, Yingkou-Centrolit, Yingkou-Dobra, etc.).
Regular rail container shipments are made out along these routes and the companies involved provide a full range of "door-to-door" logistics services.
In April 2017, an Agreement was signed on deepening cooperation on the organisation of container trains between China and Europe. Signatories were railway companies in China, Belarus, Germany, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Poland and Russia.
The signing of this agreement will contribute to the development of international transport corridors, including those passing through Russia, the coordinated and balanced development of the railway infrastructure, the creation of terminal-storage, loading and unloading and other logistics infrastructure facilities, and the provision of rolling stock transport for the seamless passage of container trains between China and Europe.
New transport and logistics products will also be developed, including the transportation of goods in cross-border electronic commerce and postal items, as well as freight requiring the maintenance of a temperature regime.
Russian Railways carries out trust management of the Russian-owned block of shares in the Ulaanbaatar Railway Company.
With the assistance of its experts, Russian Railways managed to extract the Ulaanbaatar Railway Company from its crisis and stabilise its financial position.
In 2014, Ulaanbaatar Railways transported 21.1 million tons of cargo, a record volume.
During 2014-2015, a Programme for the Long-Term Technical Development of the Ulaanbaatar Railway Company was developed for the period until 2020.
The modernisation of the Ulaanbaatar Railways should ensure the necessary increase in capacity both for the transportation of goods, especially of Mongolia's mineral deposits, to Russia's ports in the Far East, as well as an increase in transit traffic between Russia and China.
An Agreement on a strategic partnership for the modernisation and development of the Ulan Bator Railway was signed between OJSC Russian Railways and the Ministry of Road and Transport of Mongolia
The Agreement was signed during the visit of President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin to Mongolia on 3 September 2014.
In addition, in accordance with the Memorandum of Understanding between the Russian Federation, Mongolia and the People's Republic of China which was signed in Ufa in Russia on 9 July 2015, experts from Russia, Mongolia and China have developed a programme to create a Russia-Mongolia-China economic corridor and a list of priority projects.
The signing of the programme and the list took place during a summit of the heads of government of Russia, Mongolia and China in Uzbekistan's capital Tashkent on 23 June 2016.
With regard to the development of the railway infrastructure, the section "Transportation Infrastructure" on the list provides for carrying out activities to implement projects on the Central, Northern, Western and Eastern Corridors and expand the international transport corridors Primorje-1 and Primorje-2 and other projects.
The restoration of the railway line from Khasan station in Russia to the port of Rajin in North Korea is the pilot stage in the reconstruction of the Trans-Korean Railway.
The project was implemented in the period 2008-2014 by the RasonConTrans joint venture.
In 2014-2016, 2.8 million tons of transit freight passed through the port of Rajin.
Work is underway to increase the volume of transit traffic along this route.
The capacity of the Khasan-Rajin section and the terminal is estimated at 5 million tons of freight per annum.
Perspective directions of Russian-Japanese cooperation in the field of railway transport:
- the development of freight rail transportation from Japan to Russia and the European Union via the Trans-Siberian Railway using Russian Railways' services Transsib in 7 days and the Baikal Shuttle;
- the implementation of joint projects for the creation of multi-purpose centres for preventive medicine on the basis of the medical facilities at Russian Railways;
- the development of the interface between information systems for tracking container cargo;
- the implementation of joint projects for the development of terminal and logistics infrastructure, primarily in the Far East;
- the creation of a direct Russia-Japan rail link through the islands of Sakhalin and Hokkaido.
The possibility of RZD Holding's participation in the project for the construction of a 242-kilometre railway line from bauxite deposits in Binh Phuoc and Dak Nong provinces to the Vung Tau seaport is under consideration.
Within the framework of the project, the Company can act as a technical consultant and/or contractor for design and construction.
In addition, an Agreement was signed on cooperation between Russian Railways and Vietnam Railways in Hanoi on 6 April 2015.
The document foresees the development of cooperation between the parties in a wide range of areas in the railway sector, including logistics, the implementation of infrastructure projects, cooperation within the framework of international organisations, the exchange of experience and scientific and technical information, training specialists and the production and supply of railway products.
Since 2010, with the support of the RZD Holding and Russia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the island of Kalimantan is developing a project to create a comprehensive railway infrastructure.
Negotiations are continuing with potential shippers who may be interested in building a railway to transport coal in the northern part of East Kalimantan.
In accordance with the Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Railways of the Republic of India and Russian Railways on technical cooperation in the railway sector, which was signed on 24 December 2015, the parties signed a Protocol on Cooperation under the High-Speed Rail Programme in October 2016.
Joint work is currently under way to sign an agreement between Russian Railways and the Ministry of Railways of India for the development of a feasibility study and tender documentation for the modernisation project with regard to the 575-km Nagpur-Secunderabad railway line, which will increase train speeds to 200 kph.
Other projects on the Indian market are also being studied with a view to the possible involvement of RZD Holding by providing engineering consulting services and carrying out work on construction, modernisation and railway line electrification, including on a competitive basis.