JSC "Russian Railways" is one of the world's largest railway companies, having qualified, large scientific and technical base, design and construction capacities, significant experience in international cooperation.
Russian Railways occupy a leading position in the world, along with China and the US highways for traffic volume and the length of railway lines.
They are part of an integrated rail network with gauge of 1520 mm - "1520". Among its indisputable advantages are common technology standards, historically long-term business relationships, common information space, unique geo-economic position in terms of the huge transit potential, workable mechanisms of competitive tariffs, further harmonization of the regulatory framework, implementation of joint investment in infrastructure. The growing market for "1520" is becoming more attractive to the world's major manufacturers of railway equipment and technology, which opens up opportunities for international cooperation.
On the territory of Russia are the best routes, many of which are part of international transport corridors (ITC). On an ongoing basis JSC "Russian Railways" implemented a system of measures to enhance their capacity and development of railway infrastructure.
Strategic development of the company is aimed at improving the global competitiveness of Russian railways and their integration into the Eurasian transport system.
In the field of international cooperation JSC "Russian Railways" has the following objectives:
- the expansion of the portfolio of promising infrastructure projects of holding "Russian Railways" abroad, including through a comprehensive study and monitoring of the markets that are of interest in the short and medium term. Creating the conditions for the accumulation of holding "Russian Railways" competences needed to strengthen its competitive position in the international market infrastructure projects;
- deepening cooperation on a bilateral and multilateral basis within the framework of integration processes in the EAEC, SCO and CIS in order to increase the volume of transit traffic between Asia-Pacific countries and Europe by Russian Railways;
- expansion of cooperation with foreign partners in the field of transport and logistics services, and implementation of joint projects aimed at improving the transit potential of the Russian Federation;
- promoting the interests of the Russian railways on foreign transport markets through participation in international governmental and non-transport organizations (UIC, OSJD, UNECE, etc.).
Transportation in the direction of "East - West"
Corridor "East - West" creates a direct access to Georgia, Russia, Europe and CIS countries to the Russian Far East seaports and border crossings located on the border between Russia and North Korea, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan.
On the territory of the Russian Federation in its western part it coincides with the pan-European transport corridor №2, in the east - the Trans-Siberian railway.
Currently, a program for the development of the Eastern polygon Russian railways, which includes measures to modernize the infrastructure of the BAM and the Trans-Siberian Railway in order to further enhance the country's transit potential.
Along with the strengthening of Trans-Siberian railway infrastructure it is planned to establish logistic centers that will most effectively take advantage of intermodal transport, primarily container.
In the future, the volume of traffic in the corridor will be largely determined by the implementation of the strategic program of JSC "Russian Railways" on attracting cargo in Europe and Asia, particularly China, in the network of railways of Russia.
The development of the international transport corridor "North-South"
An international agreement on international transport corridor "North - South" was signed between Russia, Iran and India, September 12, 2000 At the present time he was joined by Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Oman and Syria.
ITC "North - South" in its southern part includes several routes of cargo by rail:
- Trans-Caspian route - with the use of Russian ports Astrakhan, Olya, Makhachkala and ports of Iran - Bandar-e Anzali, Nowshehr and Bandar Amirabad;
- The western branch of the corridor - a direct railway communication through the territory of Azerbaijan with further access to the railway network of Iran's border crossing Astara (Azerbaijan) - Astara (Iran);
- The eastern branch of the corridor - a direct rail connection through Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan with access to the rail network Irana.Dalneyshaya realizing the potential of ITC "North - South" is associated with the establishment of direct railway communication between Russia and Iran in the Caspian region. Prospects for the development of freight traffic within the corridor will be determined as the development of trade and economic relations of the participating countries of the international agreement on ITC "North - South" with each other and with other countries, and the involvement of trade flows reported in Europe with the countries of the Persian Gulf and South Asia.
Out of ITC "North - South" in the countries of South Asia without additional cargo handling in the ports of Iran in the Persian Gulf became possible after the establishment of a direct rail link between Iran and Pakistan. Opening in June 2009, the line from the Iranian city of Fehoeda, east of Bam, in the city of Zahedan, allowed to link the railway network of Iran and Pakistan, thus filling one of the last gaps in the direct route between Europe and India. Currently, transportation between Russia and Iran are carried out mainly on the "trans-Caspian" option in mixed railway-water communication through the ports of the Caspian Sea - Astrakhan, Makhachkala and Olya.
The further realization of the potential of ITC "North - South" is associated with the establishment of direct railway communication between Russia and Iran in the Caspian region.
The volume of foreign trade of goods by rail within the Russian MTC "North - South" in 2014 amounted to 7.2 million tons, an increase compared with 2013 year by 3%.
Prospects for the development of freight traffic within the corridor will be determined as the development of trade and economic relations of the participating countries of the international agreement on ITC "North - South" with each other and with other countries, and the involvement of trade flows reported in Europe with the countries of the Persian Gulf and South Asia.
In order to ensure the smooth passage of perspective cargo traffic and increasing train speeds JSC "Russian Railways" is working on strengthening railway infrastructure areas ITC "North - South", passing through the territory of the Russian Federation.
JSC "Russian Railways" successfully implements projects of rail and intermodal transport with partners in Kazakhstan, Belarus, Finland, Slovakia, Germany, China and other countries.
The complex of measures on development of railway-ferry on the Black and Baltic seas.
The company develops ferry Ust-Luga - Baltiysk (Russia) - Sassnitz / Mukran (Germany). In June 2012, it was running rail-ferry service on the route Sassnitz - Ust-Luga on a regular basis.
In February 2013 the grand opening of the ferry link Caucasus - Samsun. Freight carried by ferries of Black Sea Ferry Investment, created with the participation of JSC "Russian Railways".
It created several joint ventures and subsidiaries and affiliates of OAO "Russian Railways", which successfully develop business for the delivery of containerized cargo from Asia Pacific to Europe and the reverse direction ("RZD-Logistics", "Trans-Eurasia Logistics", YuXinOu (Chongqing) Logistics Co., Ltd and others).
Railway transport development strategy envisages the creation of a support network terminal and logistics centers in major transport hubs and industrial areas of the country, primarily attracted to the areas of international transport corridors.
At present JSC "Russian Railways" to transport passengers, 100 international routes in the direct and transit traffic with more than 30 European and Asian countries: Germany, France, Switzerland, Holland, Poland, Austria, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Abkhazia, China, Mongolia, North Korea, as well as the republics of the CIS countries: Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan .