Russia - Europe
Three of the nine Pan-European Transport Corridors pass through Russia. Consisting mainly of well-equipped double-track electrified railway lines, Corridors 1, 2 and 9 in Russia have a combined length of about 2,000 km. The Company is committed to upgrading and expanding these Corridors in Russia and Europe.
Pan-European International Transport Corridor № 1
Tallinn - Riga - Sovetsk - Kaliningrad - Mamonovo - Gdansk
The Russian section of ITC № 1 is a one-track railway line with diesel traction along its whole length, which runs from Sovetsk - Kaliningrad - Mamonovo to the border, providing access to Kaliningrad port, the Russian-Polish border and the railway networks of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.
Pan-European International Transport Corridor № 2
Berlin - Warsaw - Minsk - Moscow - Nizhny Novgorod
Serious development of ITC № 2 began in January 1995, when Russia, Byelorussia, Poland and Germany, together with the EU Economic Commission, signed a Memorandum of Understanding to coordinate the activities of all the countries along the Corridor as part of the coherent expansion of Europe's transport infrastructure.
Increased cargo volumes between Russia and Germany are constrained by remaining customs and border formalities, as well as by the different transport laws and railway systems of the four countries along the Corridor, with Europe using narrow gauge track of 1435 mm, for example, while Russia has a broader gauge of 1520 mm. The Company attaches great importance to increasing the competitiveness of ITC №2 and therefore sets competitive rates for container and transit trains, but tariff rates on Polish and German railways remain high, constraining container traffic.
Two branded trains operate within the Corridor:
- the Eastern Wind container train has been running between Berlin and Moscow since 1995;
- the high-speed Russia Express freight train has been operating between Russia and Germany since 1998.
Russian Railways has extended ITC №2 to Nizhny Novgorod and Yekaterinburg to form a connection with the Trans-Siberian Railway and establish an overland bridge linking Europe to the Asia-Pacific region, thus providing a much more competitive route for freight across Eurasia than container ships by sea via the Suez Canal and Indian Ocean.
Pan-European International Transport Corridor № 9
Helsinki - Buslovskaya - Saint Petersburg - Moscow - Suzemka
The Russian section of ITC № 9 runs from Buslovskaya - Saint Petersburg - Moscow - Suzemka. The Saint Petersburg-Moscow section specialises in passenger traffic, with high-speed passenger trains introduced in 2001 and high-speed container traffic with imported cargo from St. Petersburg port to Moscow in 2002.
Russian Railways reconstructed 650 km of track between Moscow and St. Petersburg to increase train speeds to 200 km/h, and together with Finland has decided to increase speeds between Saint Petersburg-Buslovskaya-Helsinki. Major construction is underway along ITC № 9 to provide access to Finnish railways and St. Petersburg port, and a new Helsinki-Moscow high-speed container train service is under discussion. In the future, this trunk line will be used for passenger traffic using high-speed container train technology.
ITC № 9 also includes the section Nesterov - Chernyakhovsk - Kaliningrad of Kaliningrad Railways, which forms part of the branch line between Kiev-Minsk-Nesterov-Chernyakhovsk-Kaliningrad/Klaipeda.