History of terminals and stations
The name of the Yrazovo junction station on the Belgorod branch of South-Eastern Railways is derived from the Turkic word "Yraz", which means happiness. During the Mongol invasion, Khan Yraz founded the settlement which was called after him.
A particular role in the development of the settlement was played by Prince M. M. Galitsin. The prince could not manage the estate and proposed to his peasants that they should decide their own fate. As a result, the peasants of Yraz were freed from serfdom half a century before the 1861 reform which abolished serfdom in Russia.
The settlement was famous for huge sales of unprocessed food, corn for bread (about 4 billion poods per annum) and sunflower (up to 100,000 poods). Artisans sewed more than 1 million pairs of shoes a year, sold several hundred thousand hats and peaked caps, sheepskins, tens of thousands of poods of flail and lard, wood glue and other items. Products made in Yraz were in great demand not only in Moscow and St. Petersburg, but also in France and Italy.
Exports became possible after the railway arrived in 1894 -1897. Yrazovo Station was built in 1895. At the beginning of the twentieth century, double-axle wagons were hauled using horses. The names of dead sidings are still preserved. For example, at Maslov (Oil), barrels of oil were loaded.
Today, 25 pairs of train with ore, bulk goods and coal from the Kuzbass pass through the station every day.
The first mention of the village of Sampyr, which lent its name to the station on the Michurinsky branch of South Eastern Railways, goes back to 1732, when two retired soldiers - Stepan Pronin and Ivan Dementiev - received 10 desyatina of land near Tambov for excellence during their service and founded the village. A desyatina is about 2.7 acres.
There are two versions of how the name arose. The first is a legend about the mighty and brave bogatyr Sampyr and his beloved, who was called Tsna. The hero goes off to fight his enemies, and his loved one prays to the gods: "Let my betrothed come home, and I will bathe his wounds in my tears." And so it passed. Sampyr came and fell lifeless, and Tsna became a river.
Another story is associated with the railway. At the end of the nineteenth century, a German called Pur who had his own business here gave money to build a wooden station building. "Look," said the workers when they saw the owner in the distance, "Sam Pur" - "Pur himself" - donated money".