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Railways during the war (1941 - 1945)

Railways during the war (1941 - 1945)

Since the beginning of the Great Patriotic WarSince the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, the Ryazan-Ural and Stalingrad Railways (integrated in the Volga line in 1953) among the first to receive the transportation of military cargo. To the west, to the front, was a steady stream of military trains, which provided Stalingrad, Southwest, Southeast and partly Voronezh Fronts. In the opposite direction, to the east, went trains with evacuees industry.

Decisive action in defense of Stalingrad began to line Povorino - Kachalin and Urbach - Baskunchak - Astrakhan, to increase capacity for the month which was built 20 new sidings, completed and put into operation site Ahtuba - Ferry, with access to the Volga, built detours Upper -Baskunchakskogo node produced amplification path. All this was done under continuous bombing.

In this area was used caravan movement: trains ran day and night in the same direction, to the front, with an interval of 10 minutes. To save maneuverability exempt rolling just took off the rails.

In January 1942, Chairman of the GKO Stalin signed a decree on the construction of the Volga belt road - Railway Syzran - Saratov - Stalingrad. Doing the work was entrusted to the General Directorate of railway construction camps (GULSZHD), and the area Saratov - Vol'sk - NKPS.

In summer 1942, the situation on the fronts difficult enemy rushed to Stalingrad, so GKO sets more stringent terms for opening movement - 1 October, and then on August 10. Materials of Track Structure delivered with a paved before the war line BAM - Tynda. On the 103rd day from the beginning of excavation, August 7, at the site Ilovlya - Petrov Val went to the train, and September 11 was opened to traffic on the 200-kilometer stretch from Saratov to Petrov Val.

Astrakhan railroad by "national construction" laid line Astrakhan - Kizlyar on which areas in the battles on the Volga only from August to October was sent to more than 16 thousand. Tanks with fuel.

Railway workers showed the highest courage and perseverance. In July, they went to the barracks. With each new day of their work is complicated by increases with the frequency of the bombing. During the Battle of Stalingrad enemy aircraft flew 60 thousand. Raids on the rail facilities at the approaches to Stalingrad. In November enemy aircraft sought to destroy the line Astrakhan - Stalingrad, which delivers fuel to the Caucasus.

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Victory over Stalingradom19 November 1942 Soviet troops launched a counteroffensive, and on November 23 closed the ring around the besieged city 330,000th enemy group. Compressible ring around the encircled at Stalingrad divisions, but it took a lot of effort to force the enemy to surrender. January 31, 1943 has been eliminated southern group, and on February 2 surrendered the remnants of the northern group of the German fascist troops. On the 506-kilometer haul Ilovlya - Belushkina special train brought a large group of prisoners of Hitler's generals, led by Field Marshal Paulus.

In this battle of Stalingrad ended.

In February and March 1943, were restored and put into operation damaged areas Stalingrad node, and March 14, 1943 to the destroyed building of the station arrived passenger train Moscow - Stalingrad.

MonumentWorkers on the area of ​​the road proved to be at work, and on combat watch. Six of them during the war was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor; 12 railway workers, drafted into the Soviet Army, became Heroes of the Soviet Union; 370 employees of the road for the exemplary performance of assigned tasks have been awarded the medal "For the Defense of Stalingrad".

Facts and Figures wartime

In July 1942, the Stalingrad Front was delivered 556 trains or 27.8 thousand. Carriages with military cargoes in August - 605 levels (31,600 cars) with troops and military equipment.

During the period of the Battle of Stalingrad defensive front has received 7.6 million shells and mines, 182 million rounds of ammunition, 2.3 million hand grenades. For delivery took 4728 cars.

In the late autumn of 1942 the front portion of the Ryazan-Ural Railway took for unloading more than 30 trains a day, which is 10 times higher than the pre-war level.

During the period of hostilities on the front line railway lines were delivered to 300 thousand. Carriages with military equipment and ammunition.

In August and September the fighting managed to get 26 thousand. Carriages valuable equipment and 480 locomotives.

In a very short time the railroad station Don taken from the station 66 th. Tons of bread.

As a result of hostilities road suffered huge losses. Was destroyed 737 kilometers of main and 500 km of station tracks, 340 artificial structures, destroyed houses with a total area of ​​82 thousand sq. M. m.

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