Railways during the war (1941 - 1945)
Name Nikolai Alexandrovich Lunin during the war knew the railroad across the country. Being a fireman depot "Novosibirsk" Tomsk railroad, he initiated the socialist competition for new methods of operation of the locomotive. The essence of his innovations was to perform repair of the locomotive by the locomotive crews. During the war, it acquired new content - maximum mileage without a locomotive repair. In 1942, according to the method Lunin worked more than 7.8 thousand. Locomotive crews.
Initiative parovoznika-Siberian found a warm response and the Trans-Baikal Railway. In Khilkov, Chita, Karymskaya, Shilka, ZIL, other depots were Luninets. Machinists Hilokskogo depot have initiated cooperation locomotive crews to work together to provide care for locomotives without requiring additional manpower.
December 1, 1941 the brigade eight locomotives Shilkinskogo depot at a production meeting declared themselves military division, created a common column. Its commander was elected N. Garats driver. Colony they called a company and divided into platoons and sections. The decision stated: continue to follow hilokskim Luninets, cooperating his work during repair locomotives. In order to save money shilkintsy refused the services of complex repair crews. During the first month of a new company has repaired 10 locomotives.
On Chita parovozovagonoremontnom plant (PVRZ) skilled workers, went to the front (in the ranks of the defenders of the Motherland joined more than 500 factory workers), have replaced their fathers retired, wives, children. In 1941, the team was tasked to organize PVRZ production of firearms: mortars, grenades, flame throwers backpack. And shortly before the staff of the plant was placed another, no less difficult task - to build an armored train for Trans-Baikal Front. The main work had to be done manually. There were no tools to handle your reservation. In April 1942, a large meeting of factory workers armored train "Zabaikalets" was handed over command of the Trans-Baikal Front.
Ulan-Ude PVRZ during the war years, along with the repair of locomotives, wagons produced mortars and mines to them, bombs of various calibers, grenades, flamethrowers backpack, ambulance cars ...
In the early days of the war staff train depot station Chita I added women, girls, teenagers. When kerosene oil lamp in severe frosts they produced bezottsepochny repairing. In depot lacked spare parts, metal, for the manufacture, equipment was aging, many processing operations of rolling stock made by hand. For the manufacture of steel parts to use the older parts, used binding wire (made of her nails, drills, pins, electrodes), Demidov rails outdated brand.
In the early days of World 38 housewives station Hilok came to work at the depot. They went to the unloading of wagons, weeding crops in farms and repair railway tracks. Worked as a fireman (during route fireman had to shovel throw 18-20 tons of coal).
More than 100 women Karymskii railway junction mastered Male Profession: 40 housewives distance path were maintenance workers, 28 - of crossing guards. 18 girls - workers depot Karymskaya - mastered related specialties turner, fitter.
In the history of the Trans-Baikal Railway red line inscribed the names of many working women of the heroic pores. This locomotive engineer Vintovkin (depot Chita) Sorokin (depot Karymskaya) Kopylov (depot Mogzon) Tsuranova (depot Hilok) Vyborova (depot Shilka); trainsets Dodonova stokers, Boyarkina, Bobylova, Sidorkovich, Vasyakin. Sverlovschitsa depot Chita Krestovnikov in 1942 for its high performance in work was awarded the Order "Badge of Honor". Turners Volguzova and Pursina worked on several machines, doing normal seven machinists. Housewife Station Hilok Maria Vovkё came on production at the beginning of the war, has mastered the three specialties: turner, fitter and driller.
And the measure of labor feat elektrosvarschitsy Evdokia Yefimovna Chigrovoy? In 1944, it was sent to the mobile locomotive column №35, formed on the Trans-Baikal Railway. Five-year old son Genk had no one to leave, and his mother took him with her. Evdokia restored in the brigade broken locomotives in the Smolensk region, slept 3-4 hours a day. Once Evdokia came with his son at a small station to walk, get some fresh air. Head of the column to see the child, decided Evdokia was written off. But the staff urged him to leave with his son Chigrovu together. Left them. And mother and son traveled the roads of war behind the advancing Red Army. Only in 1946 Evdokia Efimovna returned to the depot Hilok and continued to operate as an electric welder.