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The history of railways, XXI Century

The history of railways, XXI Century

April 27, 2012 in Moscow, Riga station hosted a presentation of the first Russian locomotive with innovative intelligent asynchronous hybrid SinaraHybrid (TEM9H).

Innovation Development Center STMLocomotive designed "Center of Innovative Development STM" (part of the holding of "Sinara - Transport Machines") for scientific and technical support of JSC "Russian Railways".

SinaraHybrid (TEM9H) is an innovative four-locomotive with electric transmission changeable AC individual drive wheel sets with a total capacity of 1,200 horsepower.

The innovative locomotive is due to a hybrid powertrain will consume 40% less diesel exhaust emissions to the environment will be reduced to 55%, which corresponds to the European standards adopted for the rolling stock in this class. In general, when creating SinaraHybrid introduced more than 20 innovative technical solutions that have not previously been used by Russian lokomotivostroitelnymi enterprises.

May 30, 2012 in Sochi, the presentation of the electric "Swallow".

SwallowTrain "Swallow" is designed for suburban passenger traffic on the railways of Russia, equipped with high and low platforms. Maximum speed trains will be operating 160 km / h. Operation of trains is possible at an ambient temperature of +40 ° C to -40 ° C without any restrictions, subject to the conditions of marine climate. Along with the wide temperature range are recorded different climatic zones of operation, in view of which measures are taken to eliminate the accumulation of ice, snow, condensation and in different parts of the rolling stock, for example, using hermetically sealed components, installation and local heating systems provide drainage.

Each train "Swallow" will consist of 5 cars. The design of the passenger compartment ensures the safety of passengers when traveling in the cabin. Location of seats in the passenger compartment: 2 + 3.

Elements form the top of the ceiling decorative completion of the internal area of ​​the passenger compartment and contain integrated lighting, speakers, power lines and ventilation grilles (for air-conditioning systems). Ablution blocks are located in the head of the train cars. Their design allows passengers with disabilities to freely use them.

Satellite navigation system GLONASS, which is installed in the cars of this type, used to improve the safety and efficiency of transport of passengers by rail.

The car is equipped with internet access, ASKPP system (automatic control system of landing a passenger on the train) to support the electronic registration.

June 21, 2012 JSC "Russian Railways" and JSC "Sinara Group" signed an agreement on the organization of production and supply of main gas-turbine GT1h.

Gas turbineThe agreement provides for the organization of production and exploitation in the Russian energy-efficient gas-turbine main new generation GT1h for the period up to 2020 inclusive, in an amount of 40 units provided ready infrastructure for liquefied natural gas locomotives.

Production will be organized GT1h ZAO "Sinara Group" at JSC "Sinara transport machines."

Project developer gas turbine locomotive became All-Russian Research and Design Institute of Technology (VNIKTI) (Kolomna), the generator machine designed to Lysvensky electrical plant, and a prototype locomotive was assembled at Voronezh Locomotive Plant.

The world's first gas turbine locomotive running on compressed natural gas. It is designed for use on non-electrified sections of railways. Gas turbine consists of two sections. A turbine placed in the power unit and in the other - the fuel container of 17 tons. One will run for 750 km. The total (maximum) capacity gas turbine locomotive - 8300 kW, total weight - 300 tons. Locomotive can drive freight trains at speeds up to 100 km / h.

With the use of gas turbine locomotive was first carried out with an unprecedented movement of trains weighing 18 thousand. Tons. With this indicator locomotive included in "Guinness Book of Records."

October 30, 2012 marked the 175th anniversary of the opening of the railway traffic in Russia.

175 years since the opening of the railway traffic in RussiaOctober 30 (old style), 1837 grand opening of the first Russian railway mass use. Petersburg and Tsarskoye Selo were connected by a single-track railway line on which trains began to run.

In honor of this auspicious date of October 30, 2012 in St. Petersburg was presented reconstruction run railway traffic in Russia.

At 12:30 from Vitebsk Station to the sound of the station bell went retro-train, which took guests of the festival from St. Petersburg to Tsarskoye Selo (Pushkin), as well as 175 years ago, when the locomotive "Agile" brought passengers at the first railway - Tsarskoselskaya the pot. Passengers retro train railway steel, orphanages of St. Petersburg, students Small October Railway, veterans.

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