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The history of railways, XX century

The history of railways, XX century

1942 -  North-Pechora Railway is built

Even before the war was planned construction of the North-Pechora railway of 1,600 km in the direction to Vorkuta. At the end of 1940 has functioned line from Kotlas to Kozhva. Finally, pass the road into operation expected in 1945

The war demanded to accelerate the construction of highways to the north and to ensure that the strategic task of exit from the coal-mining regions of the Far North. December 28, 1941 from Vorkuta to Moscow went first "coal route".

The construction of a bridge across the Pechora and the construction of Konosha - Kotlas - Kozhva conducted rapidly and was completed 3 years ahead of schedule.

In World War II rail north became the main artery feeding the troops of the Leningrad, Volkhov and Karelian fronts. Railroad provides transportation to the siege of Leningrad and transportation of cargoes delivered Northern Sea convoys into the country.

1942 -  Volga belt road is built to supply the Stalingrad Front

The decision to build the Volga belt road was taken January 23, 1942 the State Committee of Defense of the USSR. From the station Ilovlya to Saratov in a short time it was necessary to build a strategically important for the Red Army railway line length of 340 km.

Construction belt road was carried out at an unprecedented rate. Nightly fit about 8 km routes. Building material (rails, sleepers) was transferred from Siberia to the railway line BAM - Tynda, where it was dismantled 180 km of track, which was built before the war. Rails enough for the construction of the first 140 km from Ilovlya to Petrov Val. The remaining 200 km stretch of Petrov Val - Saratov collected from the paths taken in the western parts of the country and exported from under the nose of the advancing Nazi armies.

August 7 at the 103rd day after the start of work on the site Ilovlya - Petrov Val went to the first freight trains. September 11, 1942 and opened to traffic in the area Petrov Val - Saratov.

Volga Rokada closed the railway ring Povorino - Archeda - Ilovlya - Petrov Val - Kamyshin - Balashov - Povorino. This enabled the circular movement and increase bandwidth portion is almost 40 times. Rokada became the main arteries feeding the huge Stalingrad Front.

Erected during the war railway line and to this day is about people. Plot Saratov - Volgograd is part of the mainstream of Kuzbass - the Azov-Black Sea node on which dozens of trains daily carrying thousands of tons of freight and passenger trains driven everyone to the Black Sea.


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