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Trans-Siberian Land Bridge
Trans-Siberian in 7 Days Project

Trans-Siberian in 7 Days Project

Technologies used in the project Trans-Siberian in 7 Days

Technology Methods of implementation
Gradually increasing the route speed of container trains to up to 1,500 km/day
  • Reducing the standing time of fast container trains travelling by timetable to 1 hour when changing the locomotive by improving work efficiency at the locomotive depot;
  • reducing the standing time of fast container trains travelling by timetable when changing the locomotive crew by up to 30 minutes by improving work efficiency at the locomotive depot;
  • reducing the standing time of express container trains travelling by timetable by as much as possible to allow the passage of passenger trains by developing a corresponding timetable;
  • establishing supervisory control for the passage of container trains in order to avoid downtime while waiting for departure and entry or non-admission to a station;
  • combining as far as possible technical service stations and locomotive changing stations.
  • defining freight rolling stock at stations for technical service, changing locomotives, changing locomotive crews for specialised receiving and departure tracks for container trains, establishing the priority of technical and commercial inspections of container trains which last a maximum of 45 minutes at the above-mentioned stations;
  • organising commercial inspections of container trains for the early detection of commercial faults which threaten the safety and security of cargo by means of Automated Train and Wagon Inspection Systems (ATWIS) without stopping (or reducing the number of stops) en route;
  • prioritising the order of effecting repairs and resolving problems which threaten the safety and security of cargo discovered during technical and commercial inspections at stations, as well as en route by using ATWIS;
  • organising pre-briefings for station staff on the need to stop or uncouple wagons from the train to remove technical or commercial problems.

improving rolling stock for container transportation and increased efficiency;

  • Using 80' flatcars for transporting 40' containers: increasing the physical carrying capacity of container trains by 16-25%. The next step in this direction is to develop articulated platforms;
  • developing new fitted platforms and modernising the existing fleet, taking into account trends in the development of the container fleet towards the use of universal and specialised containers with increased holding and load-bearing capacity - primarily 30' and 45' universal containers, 23' and 26' tank containers and 23' interchangeable bodies. New wagon models should have an expanded set of fittings so they can be used effectively for loading containers of any type.

Creating and developing modern document management systems

  • introducing electronic documents between all the participants of the transport process using a formalised set of EDI-notifications and digital signatures for legally important documents and reports;
  • sending preliminary notifications of customs authorities and declaration of goods carried under customs control in accordance with the Russian State Customs Committee's design concept for customs clearance and control in areas close to the state border of the Russian Federation.

Creating transport and logistics infrastructure

  • eliminating infrastructure constraints which slow down container train speeds and affect the maintenance of given route speeds;
  • eliminating speed limits at bottlenecks and on main lines at stations below 80 kph;
  • modernising container terminals and constructing new container terminals capable of receiving complete container trains and ensuring timely and effective train handling, including receiving and loading trains, delivering freight in containers and reloading containers from one train to another.

Legal regulation

  • amending Article 13 of the Federal Law Railway Transport Regulations of the Russian Federation;
  • adopting the rules governing the transportation of goods by rail in universal large and (or) specialised containers that match the parameters of universal containers, as well as empty large-capacity universal and (or) specialised containers in container trains;
  • amending the regulations governing the transportation of goods by rail;
  • amending and supplementing international Agreements on International Goods Transport by Rail to consolidate the concept of the "container train" and its formation and operating conditions;
  • amending the current legislation of the Russian Federation regulating international shipping, including:
  • coordinating with the State Customs Committee (SCC) the issue of documents governing international customs transit (ICT) and domestic customs transit (DCT) without reference to the wagon number;
  • agreement with the SCC on the possibility of completing DCT after delivering containers to the recipient's temporary storage;
  • developing and adopting a separate law on transit shipments through the territory of the Russian Federation.

Tariff Regulation

  • setting tariffs for container transport in the medium term;
  • setting tariffs for container traffic on wagons (container trains);
  • considering the possibility of replacing freight support and protection with freight insurance;
  • setting an economically viable registration fee for the ICT document for transit container transportation.

In order to implement the project Trans-Siberian in 7 Days, Russian Railways has developed a timetable for pilot container trains on the following lines:

  • Martsevo – Nakhodka-Vostochnaya;
  • Vladivostok – Perov;
  • Nakhodka- Vostochnaya – Moscow-Tovarnaya.

When designing the timetable for pilot container trains, standards were agreed for carrying out technical operations which provide for the maximum reduction in the duration and instances of standing time. These include measures such as combining technical operations and increasing the length of the section which each traction unit serves, the working efficiency of locomotive crews and the guaranteed stretches along which the wagons operate.

As a result, the number of technical trains inspections was reduced from 7 to 3, the time available for inspection from 100 to 45 minutes and the number of shift changes among locomotive crews from 33 to 29.

The entire route is divided into sections for which each region is responsible. The average section is 2,289 km and the route speed achieved is 1,362 km/day (56.4 kph).

As a result of the project, as early as 2012 it became possible to deliver cargo from Russia's eastern borders to its western borders in just 7 days. By 2015, it will take just 7 days to cover the distance to Brest in Belarus.

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