Russian Railways starts high-speed Allegro train tests.
A high-speed Allegro (Pendolino
Sm6) train produced by the French company Alstom has arrived at the VNIIZhT test loop
(owned by Russian Railways) at the Shcherbinka station (Moscow Region) for preliminary
and certification tests.
Over the coming month at the test loop, adjustments will be made to the electrical
system, undercarriage, and breaking system of the electric train, running at speeds
of up to 120 km/h. Test runs will also be carried out on the October Railway, gradually
increasing the speed to 200 km/h. Before the start of certification trials, 2,500
km of test runs will be conducted.
Calibration, preliminary, and certification tests will be conducted from July to
November 2010 on the St Petersburg – Vyborg and Vyborg – Helsinki lines,
and at the VNIIZhT test loop.
The introduction of Allegro trains will reduce the journey time between Helsinki
and St Petersburg from the current time of almost 6 hours down to 3.5 hours. A unique
feature of the Allegro service will be that all border and customs procedures will
be conducted while the train is in motion.
The Allegro trains are designed to be dual-system, i.e. they are intended for use
on tracks with both direct and alternating current. The trains will be equipped with
radio communications for use on the rail networks of both Finland and Russia. The
train can achieve body tilt of up to 8 degrees, which allows it to navigate turns
without reducing its speed, and to cancel out the effect of the centrifugal force,
ensuring maximum comfort for passengers. The train’s maximum speed is 220 km/h.
Each Allegro train has seven carriages, and total capacity of 344 passengers. Passengers
will have a choice of first or second class. The trains will include seats for physically
impaired passengers, a children’s play area, and places for passengers with
pets. Each train will have a special zone for border and customs officials.