"The future belongs to innovative railway technology" says Vadim Morozov
The International Conference "Railway Engineering. Prospects, Technologies, Priorities"
opened on 2 September 2015 at the V International Railway Salon EXPO 1520 in Moscow.
Taking part are management from OJSC Russian Railways and machine building and
construction companies, as well as relevant government bodies and international organisations,
academics and expert transport engineers.
According to Vadim Morozov, First Vice President of Russian Railways, over the
years, the Company Railways has invested over 3.4 trillion roubles (in prices of the
corresponding years) in renewing fixed assets and has created a strong demand for
transport engineering products.
Speaking at the plenary session, Vadim Morozov noted that the Company was a reliable
partner to Russia's domestic industry and stimulates technical and technological innovations.
"Russian Railways is one of the largest investors in several sectors of the economy
and accounts for more than 1.5% of Russia's GDP, more than 3% of the country's investment
in fixed assets and more than 1% of tax revenues for budgets at all levels. This exceeds
the total level of government support which the Company receives," he said.
Between 2004-2014, Russian Railways supplied more than 4,300 modern locomotives,
developed and launched the serial production of a range of new locomotives, as well
as the main types of auxiliary equipment. More than 200 Russian industrial enterprises
and research and design organisations have been involved in producing materials, systems
"The main challenge facing OJSC Russian Railways is to acquire the required number
of locomotives with regard to the volume of work and developing our traction to optimal
maturity parameters. Locomotive design and construction should be based on the use
of innovative solutions that reduce the costs of energy and diesel fuel by at least
10%, increase traction properties by at least 10-15%, the indicator for technical
readiness by no less than 0.96 and a significant reduction in maintenance and repair
costs," said Vadim Morozov.
The reform of Russia's railway transport has significantly changed the situation
on the market of operating freight cars and orders for such products.
According to Morozov, since 2004, by creating special tariff conditions and increasing
the number of private owners, the production of freight cars in Russia has been characterised
by a veritable avalanche of increased purchases. The increased demand for freight
cars of up to 80,000 per annum led to an oversupply of the fleet estimated at 250,000
cars on the railway network by the end of 2012.
"Even with the reduction of the fleet which we have observed this year, the surplus
of wagons continues to have a negative impact on the operational situation on the
rail network. It is nullifying the effect of the measures taken by Russian Railways
to improve the efficiency of the transportation process," said Morozov.
According to Morozov, the future lies with innovative cars featuring improved technical
and operational characteristics.
A system to stimulate the purchases of such wagons is already in place. This system
provides for the provision of federal subsidies to compensate the loss of income incurred
by Russian leasing companies by granting discounts on the purchase of innovative wagons
with higher axle loads.
A number of tariff schemes for transporting freight cargo in some of the new freight
car models has also been introduced.